Landlord Responsibilities: Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Private landlords are required by law to have at least one smoke alarm installed on every storey of their property that is used as living accommodation. In addition they are also required to have a carbon monoxide alarm containing solid fuel burning appliances (e.g. coal fires or wood burning stoves).


Landlords must also ensure that alarms are in working order at the start of each new tenancy. The best alarms should always be chosen for their properties and tenants.


Note: Heat detectors are not a substitute for smoke alarms.


If landlords fail to comply with a remedial notice the local authority can impose a fine of up to £5,000.


The government has funded local fire and rescue authorities to purchase a limited number of alarms for free distribution to landlords.


Fire and rescue authorities have been asked to distribute the alarms and offer appropriate installation advice. While fire and rescue authorities may offer to fit alarms, this service is at the authorities’ discretion and landlords should be prepared to install their own alarms.

You can contact your local fire and rescue service for further information on how to obtain an alarm.


It is essential for a landlord who is looking to sell or rent their property to fully understand their responsibilities. If you do not understand your responsibilities you can talk to an industry professional at Pad by calling 0161 839 9654.

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